- Scripture is the supreme authority. Sola scriptura.
- The Bible is a library of different types of documents (history, poetry, law, hymns, a love song, letters, wisdom literature, genealogy, prophetic editorials), written by different people (such as Amos, Jeremiah, Matthew, Luke, Paul, and Peter) in different times and places.
- The Bible was written to bear testimony to God’s way with the world in Israel and in Jesus Christ. Unlike esoteric scriptures of other religious traditions, they seek to communicate clearly to the uninitiated.
- The scriptures can be translated; indeed, the Gospels were not written in the language of Jesus and his first followers (Aramaic) but in the common language of the Mediterranean world, Koine Greek. This suggests a divine affirmation of human cultures.
- The Holy Spirit inspired scripture and inspires us when we correctly interpret it
- Scripture functions as revelation because it sheds light on God and all things in relationship with God. That is, when we view the many things of this life in relationship with God, we see them differently.
We Understand the Bible by Interpreting Scripture:
- In light of the context of its author, time, place, and literary genre.
- In light of the whole Biblical witness: scripture interprets scripture.
- In light of Jesus Christ, “the Word made flesh.” Jesus Christ is the center of Scripture. God’s redemptive activity is central to the entire Bible. Keeping Christ at the center helps us evaluate the significance of the problems and controversies that always persist in the vigorous historical life of the church.
- In light of the “the rule of love,” we interpret scripture in ways that increase the love of God and neighbor.
- In light of “the rule of faith.” We listen to the doctrinal consensus of the church in the belief that insights as to how Christians in other times and places thought/think scripture meant will help our own readings of scripture to be less distorted by our sinful interests and the limitations of our place in the world and time.
- In light of the insights of physical and social sciences, since God is the source of all truth.